The Criminal Code Of The Russian Federation

Adopted by the State Duma on May 24, 1996
Adopted by the Federation Council on June 5, 1996
Federal Law No. 64-FZ of June 13, 1996 on the Enforcement of the Criminal
Code of the Russian Federation

Part II
Section VIII
Chapter 21
Crimes Against Property
Chapter 22
Crimes in the Sphere of Economic Activity
Chapter 23
Crimes Against the Interests of Service in Profit-making and OtherOrganizations

Chapter 21. Crimes Against Property

Article 158. Theft


1. Theft, that is, the secret larceny of other people's property,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 700 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to seven months, or by compulsory works for a term of 180 to 240 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of one year to two years, or by arrest for a term of four to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. Theft committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) by illegal entry into a home, premises, or any other storehouse;
    d) with the infliction of considerable damage on a person,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 700 to 1,000 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of seven to twelve months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to six years with a fine in the amount of 50 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or without any fine.
3. Theft committed:
    a) by an organized group;
    b) on a large scale;
    c) by a person who was earlier covicted two or more times for misappropriation or extortion,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to 10 years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.
Notes:
1. In Articles of this Code, larceny means the unlawful, uncompensated seizure and/or the appropriation of other peoples property, committed with a mercenary purpose by a guilty person or by other persons, which has injured the owner or any other proprietor of this property;
2. the value of property is recognized in the Articles of this Chapter as "on a large scale" if it exceeds 500 times they minimum wage, fixed by the laws of the Russian Federation at the time of the commission of the crime.
3. A crime is recognized as "repeated" in Articles 158-166 of this Code if it is preceded by one or more of the crimes stipulated in these Articles, or by those in Articles 209, 221, 226, or 229 of this Code.
4. A person who has a previous conviction for one or several offences, specified in Articles 158-164, 209, 221, 226, or 229 of this Code is recognized as a person earlier convicted of larceny or extortion in Articles of this Chapter, and also in other Articles of this Code.

Article 159. Swindling


1. Swindling, that is, the stealing of other people's property or the acquisition of the right to other people's property by fraud or breach of trust,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 700 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to seven months, or by compulsory works for a term of 180 to 240 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of one year to two years, or by arrest for a term of four to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. Swindling committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) by a person through his official position;
    d) with the infliction of considerable damage on an individual,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 700 to 1,000 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of seven to twelve months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to six years, with a fine in the amount of 50 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or without any fine.
3. Swindling committed:
    a) by an organized group;
    b) on a large scale;
    c) by a person who earlier two or more times was convicted of larceny or extortion,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to ten years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.

Article 160. Misappropriation or Embezzlement


1. Misappropriation or embezzlement, that is, the stealing of other people's property entrusted to the convicted person,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by compulsory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of six to twelve months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. The same deeds committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) by a person through his official position;
    d) with the infliction of considerable damage on an individual, -
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 1,000 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to twelve months, or by disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to five years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to six years, with a fine in the amount of 50 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or without any fine.
3. Deeds stipulated in the first or second part of this Article, if they are committed:
    a) by an organized group;
    b) on a large scale;
    c) by a person who earlier two or more times was convicted of larceny or extortion,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to ten years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.

Article 161. Robbery


1. Robbery, that is, the open stealing of other people's property,
shall be punishable by corrective labour for a term of one year to two years, or by arrest for a term of four to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to four years.
2. Robbery committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) with an illegal entry into a home, premises, or any other storehouse;
    d) with the use of coercion that is not dangerous to human life or health, or with the threat of use of such coercion;
    e) with the infliction of considerable damage on an individual,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years, with a fine in the amount of 50 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or without any fine.
3. Robbery committed:
    a) by an organized group;
    b) on a large scale;
    c) by a person who earlier two or more times was convicted of larceny or extortion,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of six to twelve years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.

Article 162. Robbery with Violence


1. Robbery with violence, that is, an assault with the purpose of stealing other people's property, committed with violence which threatens human life and health or with the threat of using such violence,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to eight years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.
2. Robbery with violence committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) with an illegal intrusion in a home, premises, or any other storehouse;
    d) with the use of weapons or objects used as a weapons,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of seven to twelve years, with the confiscation of property.
3. Robbery with violence committed:
    a) by an organized group;
    b) for the purpose of obtaining property on a large scale;
    c) with the infliction of grave injury to the victim;
    d) by a person who earlier was convicted of larceny or extortion two or more times,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of eight to fifteen years, with confiscation of property.

Article 163. Extortion


1. Extortion, that is, the demand that other people's property or their right to property should be transferred, or that other acts of a property nature should be performed under threat of violence or of destruction or damage of other people's property, and also under the threat of dissemination of information that defames the victim or his relatives or of any other information which may cause substantial harm to the rights or legitimate interests of the victim or his relatives,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to four years, with a fine in the amount of up 50 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or without any fine.
2. Extortion committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) with violence,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.
3. Extortion committed:
    a) by an organized group;
    b) for the purpose of obtaining property on a large scale;
    c) with the infliction of grave injury to the victim's health;
    d) by a person who earlier was convicted of larceny or extortion two or more times,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of seven to fifteen years, with confiscation of property.

Article 164. Stealing of Objects of Exceptional Value


1. Stealing of objects or documents of exceptional historical, scientific, artistic, or cultural value, regardless of the method of misappropriation,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of six to ten years, with confiscation of property, or without such confiscation.
2. The same deed:
    a) committed by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or by an organized group;
    b) committed repeatedly;
    c) entailing the destruction, spoilage, or ruin of the objects or documents, referred to in the first part of this Article,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of eight to fifteen years, with confiscation of property.

Article 165. Infliction of Damage on Property By Deceit or Breach of Trust


1. Infliction of property damage on its owner or on any other property holder by deceit or breach of trust, in the absence of the elements of stealing,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up two months, or by compulsory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to four months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same deed committed by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or committed repeatedly,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 400 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of four to eight months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with a fine in the amount of up to 50 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or without any fine.
3. Deeds provided for in the first or second part of this Article:
    a) committed by an organized group;
    b) inflicting damage on a large scale;
    c) committed by a person who earlier was convicted two or more times of stealing, extortion, or infliction of property damage by means of deceit or breach of trust,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to five years, with a fine in the amount up to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period up to one month, or without any fine.

Article 166. Unlawful Occupancy of a Car or Any Other Transport Vehicle Without the Purpose of Stealing


1. Unlawful occupancy of a car or of any other transport vehicle, without the purpose of stealing (hijacking),
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by arrest for a term of three to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. The same deed committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) with the use of violence without danger to human life or health or with the threat of using such violence,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years.
3. Deeds provided for the first of second part of this Article, and committed by an organized group or causing large-scale damage, -
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to ten years.
4. Deeds provided for by the first, second, or third parts of this Article, and committed with the use of violence with danger to human life and health, or with the threat of using such violence, -
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of six to twelve years.

Article 167. Wilful Destruction or Damage of Property


1. Wilful destruction or damage of other people's property, if these acts involved the infliction of considerable damage,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or by compulsory works for a term of 100 to 120 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term up to three months,or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same acts committed by means of fire , explosion, or by any other generally dangerous method, and entailing by negligence the death of a man or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.

Article 168. Destruction or Damage of Property by Negligence


1. Destruction or damage of other people's property on a large scale, committed by negligence,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to two months, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same acts committed by the careless treatment of fire or of other sources of increased danger, or entailing grave consequences,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by compulsory works for a term of one to two years, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.

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