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The Criminal Code Of The Russian Federation

Adopted by the State Duma on May 24, 1996
Adopted by the Federation Council on June 5, 1996
Federal Law No. 64-FZ of June 13, 1996 on the Enforcement of the Criminal
Code of the Russian Federation

Part II
Section VII
Chapter 16
Crimes Against Human Life and Health
Chapter 17
Crimes Against Freedom, Honour and Dignity of the Person
Chapter 18
Crimes Against Sexual Inviolability and Sexual Freedom of the Person
Chapter 19
Crimes Against the Constitutional Rights and Freedoms of Man and Citizen
Chapter 20
Crimes Against the Family Minors

Chapter 19. Crimes Against the Constitutional Rights and Freedoms of Man and Citizen

Article 136. Violation of the Equality of Human and Civil Rights and Freedoms


1. Violation of the equality of human and civil rights and freedoms, based on sex, race, nationality, language, origin, property or official status, place or residence, attitude to religion, convictions, or affiliation with public associations which has caused harm to the rights and legally-protected interests of individuals,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same deed committed by a person through his official position,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 800 minimum wages, or salaries or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to eight months, or by deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of two to five years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.

Article 137. Invasion of Personal Privacy


1. Illegal collection or spreading of information about the private life of a person which constitutes his personal or family secrets, without his consent, or the distribution of this information in a public speech, in a publicly performed work, or in the mass media, if these deeds have been committed out of mercenary motives or any other personal interests, and have caused harm to the rights and legally-protected interests of individuals,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or salaries or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by compulsory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term of up to four months.
2. The same deeds committed by a person through his official position,
shall be punishable by afine in the amount of 500 to 800 minimum wages, or salaries or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to eight months, or by deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of two to five years, or by arrest for a term of four to six months.

Article 138. Violation of the Secrecy of Correspondence, Telephone Conversations, Postal, Telegraphic and Other Messages


1. Violation of the secrecy of correspondence, telephone conversations, or postal, telegraphic, or other messages of individuals,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 50 to 100 minimum wages, or salaries or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or by obligatory works for a period of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year.
2. The same deeds committed by a person through his official position or by way of special technical equipment intended for the private receipt of information,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 300 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one to three months, or by deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of two to five years, or by arrest for a term of two to four months.
3. Illegal production, sale, or acquisition for the purpose of sale of special technical equipment intended for the private receipt of information,
shall be punishable by afine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with the deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years.

Article 139. Violation of the Inviolability of the Home


1. Illegal intrusion in to a home, committed against the will of the person residing in it,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or by compulsory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term of up to three months.
2. The same deed committed with the use of violence or the threat of its use
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for the period of two to five months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
3. Deeds specified in the first or second parts of this Article, and committed by a person through his official position, -
shall be punishable by afine in the amount of 500 to 800 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to eight months, or by deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of two to five years, or by arrest for a term of two to four months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
Note. For the purposes of the present article and other articles of the present Code, the term "dwelling" means an individual residential house complete with residential and non-residential premises attached thereto, residential premises, irrespective of the form of ownership included in residential facilities fit for permanent or temporary living quarters and equally other premises or a structure not included in residential facilities stock but intended as temporary living quarters.

Article 140. Refusal of Submit Information to an Individual


Illegal refusal by an official to submit documents and materials, collected in the statutory order and directly affecting the rights and freedoms of an individual, or the submission of incomplete or deliberately falsified information to an individual, if these deeds have caused harm to the rights and legally-protected interests of individuals,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of two to five years.

Article 141. Obstruction of the Exercise of Electoral Rights or of the Work of Electoral Commissions


1. Obstruction of the exercise by an individual of his electoral rights or the right to take part in a referendum, and also obstruction of the work of electoral commissions or commissions for holding referenda,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or by obligatory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year.
2. The same acts:
    a) connected with bribery, deceit, use of violence or with the threat of its use;
    b) committed by a person through his official position;
    c) committed by a group of persons under a preliminary conspiracy or by an organized group,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by corrective works for a term of one to two years, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.

Article 142. Falsification of Election and Referendum Documents or the Wrong Counting of Votes


Falsification of election and referendum documents, the deliberately wrong counting of votes, or the deliberately incorrect establishment of election or referendum results, or violation of the secrecy of the ballot, if these acts have been committed by a member of an electoral commission, initiative group, or commission for holding referenda,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 700 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to seven months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to four years.

Article 143. Violation of Labour Protection Rules


1. Violation of safety rules or any other labour protection rules, committed by a person who has the duty of observing these rules, if this entailed by negligence the infliction of grave injury or injury of average gravity to a victim,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same act entailing, by negligence, the death of a person,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or permanent disqualification.

Article 144. Obstruction of the Lawful Professional Activity of Journalists


1. Obstruction of the lawful professional activity of journalists by compelling them to give out information or to refuse to give out it -
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or by compulsory works for a term of up to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year.
2. The same act committed by a person through his official position,
shall be punishable by corrective labour for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or permanent disqualification.

Article 145. Unfounded Refusal to Employ, or Unfounded Dismissal of a Pregnant Woman or the Woman with Children Below Three Years of Age


The unfounded refusal to employ a woman or the unfounded dismissal of a woman because of her pregnancy, and also the unfounded refusal to employ or unfounded dismissal of a woman with children below three years of age,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person a the period of two to five months, or by compulsory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours.

Article 145.1. Non-payment of wages, pensions, stipends, allowances and other payments


1. The non-payment for over two months of wages, pensions, stipends, allowances and other payments established by the law, committed by heads of enterprises, agencies or organizations regardless of their form of ownership out of mercenary or other personal interest -
shall be punishable with a fine in the amount of one hundred to two hundred minimal wages or in the amount of the wage or other income of a convict for a period of one to two months or with deprivation of right to occupy certain posts or to engage in certain activities for a period of up to five years or with imprisonment for a maximum term of two years.
2. The same deed that has entailed grave consequences -
shall be punishable with a fine in the amount of three hundred to seven hundred minimal wages or in the amount of the wage or other income of a convict for a period of three to seven months or with imprisonment for a term of three to seven years with deprivation of right to occupy certain posts or engage in certain activities for a maximum period of three years or without such deprivation.

Article 146. Violation of Copyright and Neighbouring Rights.


1. Appropriation of authorship (plagiarism), if this act has caused heavy damage to the author or another possessor of right,-
shall be punishable with a fine in an amount of two hundred to four hundred minimum rates of the remuneration of labour or in an amount of the wages or another income of the convicted person for a period of two to four months, or with obligatory work for a period of one hundred and eighty to two hundred and forty hours, or with an arrest for a period of three to six months.
2. Illegal use of objects of copyright or neighbouring rights, as well as the acquisition, storage or carriage of counterfeited copies of works or phonogram s for the purpose of sale carried out on a large scale-
shall be punishable with a fine in an amount of two hundred to four hundred minimum rates of the remuneration of labour or in an amount of the wages or another income of the convicted person for a period of two to four months, or with obligatory work for a period of one hundred and eighty to two hundred and forty hours, or with deprivation of freedom for a period of up to two years.
3. Acts stipulated by Item two of this Article, if they have been committed:
    a) repeatedly;
    b) by a group of persons in a preliminary collusion or by an organised group;
    c) on an especially large scale;
    d) by a person with the use of his official position,-
shall be punishable with deprivation of freedom for a period of two to five years with or without the confiscation of property.
Note. Acts stipulated by this Article shall be deemed to have been committed on a large scale if the value of the copies of the works or phonograms or the value of the rights for the use of the objects of copyright or neighbouring rights exceed a hundred minimum rates of the remuneration of labour, and on an especially large scale - five hundred minimum rates of the remuneration of labour.

Article 147. Violation of Inventor's Rights and Patent Rights


1. Illegal use of an invention, useful model, or industrial design, disclosure of the essence of an invention, useful model, or industrial design, without the consent of its author or applicant and before the official publication of information about them, the illegal acquisition of authorship, or the compelling of co-authorship, if these acts have inflicted damage to a person,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 400 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to four months, or by compulsory works for a term of 180 to 240 hours, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same deeds committed repeatedly by a group of persons under a preliminary conspiracy or by an organized group,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 400 to 800 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of four to eight months, or by arrest for a term of four to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.

Article 148. Obstruction of the Exercise of the Right of Liberty of Conscience and Religious Liberty


Illegal obstruction of the activity of religious organizations or of the performance of religious rites -
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for the period of up to one year, compulsory works for a term of up to one year, or arrest for a term of up to three months.

Article 149. Obstruction of the Holding of a Meeting, Assembly, Demonstration, Procession, or Picketing, or of Participation in the Aforesaid


Illegal obstruction of the holding of a meeting, assembly, demonstration, procession, or picketing, or of participation in them, or compulsion to take part in them, if these acts have been committed by an official through his official position, or through the use of violence, or through the threat of its use,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 700 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to seven months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or permanent disqualification.

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