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The Criminal Code Of The Russian Federation

Adopted by the State Duma on May 24, 1996
Adopted by the Federation Council on June 5, 1996
Federal Law No. 64-FZ of June 13, 1996 on the Enforcement of the Criminal
Code of the Russian Federation

Part II
Section VII
Chapter 16
Crimes Against Human Life and Health
Chapter 17
Crimes Against Freedom, Honour and Dignity of the Person
Chapter 18
Crimes Against Sexual Inviolability and Sexual Freedom of the Person
Chapter 19
Crimes Against the Constitutional Rights and Freedoms of Man and Citizen
Chapter 20
Crimes Against the Family Minors

Chapter 17. Crimes Against Freedom, Honour and Dignity of the Person

Article 126. Abduction


1. Abduction -
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of four to eight years.
2. The same act committed:
    a) by a group of persons under a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) with the use of violence with danger for human life and health, or a threat to apply such violence;
    d) with the use of weapons or objects used as weapons;
    e) against an obvious juvenile;
    f) against a woman who is in a state of pregnancy, which is evident to the convicted person;
    g) against two or more persons;
    h) out of mercenary motives,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to ten years.
3. Deeds stipulated by the first and second parts of this Article, if they:
    a) have been committed by an organized group;
    b) have been committed by a person who was previously sentenced for crimes stipulated by this Article, and also for illegal deprivation of liberty or capture of a hostage;
    c) have entailed by negligence the death of the victim or any other grave consequences, -
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of eight to twenty years.
Note: A person who has set free the abducted person voluntarily shall be released from criminal responsibility, unless his actions contain a different corpus delicti.

Article 127. Illegal Deprivation of Liberty


1. Illegal deprivation of a person's liberty, which is not related to his abduction,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by arrest for a term of three to six months, or deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same deed committed:
    a) by a group of persons under a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) with the use of violence with danger for human life and health;
    d) with the use of weapons or objects used as weapons;
    e) against an obvious juvenile;
    f) against a woman who is in a state of pregnancy, which is evident to the convicted person;
    g) against two or more persons,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to five years.
3. Deeds provided for by the fist or second parts of this Article, if they have been committed by an organized group or have entailed by negligence the death of the victim, or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of four to eight years.

Article 128. Illegal Placement in a Mental Hospital


1. Illegal placement of a person in a mental hospital -
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. The same act, if it has been committed by a person through his official position, or has entailed by negligence the death of the victim, or any other seriouse,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years, with the deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or with the permanent deprivation of such right.

Article 129. Slander


1. Slander, that is the spreading of deliberately falsified information that denigrates the honour and dignity of another person or undermines his reputation,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or by compulsory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year.
2. Slander contained in a public speech or in a publicly performed work, and mass-media libel,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one to two months, or by compulsory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of one year to two years, or by arrest for a term of three to six months.
3. Slander accusing a person of committing a grave or especially grave crime,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by arrest for a term of four to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.

Article 130. Insult


1. Insult, that is the denigration of the honour and dignity of another person, expressed in indecent form,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or by compulsory works for a term of up to 120 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to six months.
2. Insult contained in a public speech, in a publicly performed work, or in mass media,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to two months, or by compulsory works for a term of up to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year.

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