The Criminal Code Of The Russian Federation

Adopted by the State Duma on May 24, 1996
Adopted by the Federation Council on June 5, 1996
Federal Law No. 64-FZ of June 13, 1996 on the Enforcement of the Criminal
Code of the Russian Federation

Part II
Section VII
Chapter 16
Crimes Against Human Life and Health
Chapter 17
Crimes Against Freedom, Honour and Dignity of the Person
Chapter 18
Crimes Against Sexual Inviolability and Sexual Freedom of the Person
Chapter 19
Crimes Against the Constitutional Rights and Freedoms of Man and Citizen
Chapter 20
Crimes Against the Family Minors

Chapter 16. Crimes Against Human Life and Health

Article 105. Murder


1. Murder is the intentional causing of death to another person.
It shall be punishable with deprivation of liberty for a term of six to 15 years.
2. The murder:
    a) of two or more persons;
    b) of a person or his relatives in connection with the official activity by this person or the discharge of his public duty;
    c) of a person who is known by the killer to be helpless state, and also murder attended by the kidnapping of a person or the seizure of a hostage;
    d) of a woman who is known by the killer to be in a state of pregnancy;
    e) committed with especial cruelty;
    f) committed by a generally dangerous method;
    g) committed by a group of persons, a group of persons under a preliminary conspiracy, or an organized group;
    h) committed out of mercenary motives by hire, or attended by robbery with violence, racketeering, or banditry;
    i) committed maliciously;
    j) committed with the purpose of concealing another crime or facilitating its commission, and also murder attended by rape or violent sexual actions;
    k) committed by reason of national, racial, or religious hatred, or enmity or blood feud;
    l) committed for the purpose of obtaining the organs or tissues of the victim;
    m) committed repeatedly -
shall be punishable with deprivation of liberty for a term of eight to 20 years, or by death penalty or deprivation of liberty for life.

Article 106. The Killing by a Mother of Her Newborn Child


The killing by a mother of her newborn child during or immediately after childbirth, or the killing by a mother of her newborn child in a mentally traumatizing situation or in a state of mental disorder that does not reach in sanity,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.

Article 107. Homicide Committed in a State of Temporary Insanity


1. Homicide committed in a state of sudden strong mental agitation (temporary insanity), caused by violence, mockery, or gross insult on the part of the victim, or by other unlawful or amoral actions (inaction) of the victim, or by a protracted mentally traumatizing situation caused in connection with the systematic unlawful or amoral behavior of the victim
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years or by restraint of liberty for the same term.
2. Homicide against two or more persons committed in a state of temporary insanity
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.

Article 108. Homicide Committed in Excess of the Requirements of Justifiable Defence or in Excess of the Measures Needed for the Detention of a Person Who Has Committed a Crime


1. Homicide committed in excess of the requirements of justifiable defence
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years or by restraint of liberty for the same term.
2. Homicide committed in excess of the measures needed for the detention of a person who has committed a crime
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years or by restraint of liberty for the same term.

Article 109. Infliction of Death by Negligence


1. Negligent homicide -
Shall be punishable by restrain of liberty for a term of up to three years or by deprivation of liberty for the same term.
2. Negligent homicide owing to the improper discharge by a person of his professional duties, and also the infliction of death by negligence on two or more persons -
Shall be punishable by restrain of liberty for a term of up to five years or by deprivation of liberty for the same term with deprivation of the right to hold specified duties or to engage in specified activity for a term of up to three years or without such right.

Article 110. Incitement to Suicide


Incitement of a person to commit or attempt to commit suicide by means of threats, cruel treatment of a person, or systematic denigration of the human dignity of the victim
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years or by deprivation of liberty for a term, of up to five years.

Article 111. Intentional Infliction of a Grave Injury


1. Intentional infliction of a grave injury, which is hazardous for human life or which has involved the loss of sight, speech,hearing, or any organ or the loss of the organ's functions, or which has expressed itself in the indelible disfiguring of a human face, and also infliction of other harm which is dangerous to human life or which has involved an injury to a person's health, joined with considerable permanent loss of general ability to work by not less then one third or by the full loss of an occupational capacity for work, which capacacity was evident to the guilty person, or which has involved the interruption of pregnancy, mental derangement, or the victim's falling ill to drug addiction or toxicosis,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to eight years.
2. The same acts committed:
    a) in respect of a person or his relatives in connection with his official activity or the discharge of his public duty;
    b) with especial cruelty, mockery, or torture for the victim, and also in respect of a person who is known to the offender to be helpless;
    c) by a generally hazardous method;
    d) by hire;
    e) out of malicious motives;
    f) by reason of national, racial, or religious hatred or enmity;
    g) for the purpose of using the organs or tissues of the victim,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to 10 years.
3. Acts provided for by the first or second parts of this Article, if they are committed:
    a) by a group of persons, a group of persons under a preliminary conspiracy, or an organized group;
    b) against two or more persons;
    c) repeatedly, or by a person who has earlier committed murder, as envisaged by Article 105 of this Code,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to 12 years.
4. Acts stipulated in the first, second, or third part of this Article, which have involved the death of the victim by negligence,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to 15 years.

Article 112. Intentional Infliction of Injury of Average Gravity Health


1. Intentional infliction of injury of average gravity, which is not hazardous to human life and which has not involved consequences referred to in Article 111 of this Code, but which has caused protracted injury to health or considerable stable loss of general capacity for work by not less than one-third,
shall be punishable by arrest for a term of three to six months or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. The same act committed:
    a) against two or more persons;
    b) against a person or his relatives in connection with his official activity or the discharge of his public duty;
    c) with especial cruelty, mockery or torture for the victim, or against a person who is in known by the offender to be helpless;
    d) by a group of persons, a group of persons under a preliminary conspiracy, or an organized group;
    e) out of malicious motives;
    f) by reason of national, racial, or religious hatred or enmity;
    g) repeatedly, by a person who earlier committed an intentional infliction of grave injury, or murder as envisaged in Article 105 of this Code,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five years.

Article 113. Infliction of Grave Injury or Injury of Average Gravity While in a State of Temporary Insanity


Intentional infliction of grave injury or injury of average gravity injury to health in a state of sudden strong mental agitation (temporary insanity), caused by violence, mockery, or grave insult on the part of the victim or by other unlawful or amoral actions (inaction) of the victim, or by a mentally traumatizing situation that arose in connection with the systematic unlawful or immoral behavior of the victim,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years or deprivation of liberty for the same term.

Article 114. Infliction of Grave Injury or Injury of Average Gravity in Excess of the Requirements of Justifiable Defence or in Excess of the Measures Needed for the Detention of a Person Who Has Committed a Crime


1. Intentional infliction of grave injury, committed in excess of the requirements of justifiable defence,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years or deprivation of liberty for a term of up to one year.
2. Intentional infliction of grave injury or injury of average gravity, committed in excess of the measures needed for the detention of a person who has committed a crime,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years or deprivation of liberty for the same term.

Article 115. Intentional Infliction of Light Injury


Intentional infliction of light injury which has caused temporary damage of health or an insignificant stable loss of general capacity for work,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount from 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wages or salaries or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or punishable by compulsory works for a term of from 180 to 240 hours, or corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term of from two to four months.

Article 116. Battery


Battery or the commission of similar violent actions, which have caused physical pain but not involved the consequences referred to in Article 115 of this Code,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wages or salary or any other income of the convicted person for month, or by compulsory works for a period of time from 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to six months, or by arrest for a term of up to three months.

Article 117. Torture


1. The infliction of physical or mental suffering by means of systematic beating or by any other violent actions, unless this has involved the consequences referred to in Article 111 or 112 of this Code,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. The same act committed:
    a) against two or more persons;
    b) against a person or his relatives in connection with the official activity of this person or the discharge of his public duty;
    c) against an woman who is in a state of pregnancy, which is evident to the convicted person;
    d) against obvious juvenile or a person who is in a helpless state, as known by the convicted person, or in material or any other dependence on the convicted person, and also in respect of a person, kidnapped or seized as a hostage;
    e) with the use of torment;
    f) by a group of persons, a group of persons under a preliminary conspiracy, or an organized group;
    g) by hire;
    h) by reason of national, racial, or religious hatred or enmity,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years.

Article 118. Infliction of Grave Injury or Injury of Average Gravity by Negligence


1. The infliction of grave injury to health by negligence -
Shall be punishable by a fine in the amount from 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary of any other income of the convicted person for a period of 1 to 2 months, or by compulsory works for a term of up to 2 years, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to 3 years, or by arrest for a term of 3 to 6 months.
2. The same deed committed in consequence of the improper discharge by a person of his professional duties,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of 4 years or deprivation of liberty for a term of up to 2 years, with the deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or engage in specified activities for a term of up to 3 years, or by the permanent deprivation of such right.
3. The infliction of injury of average gravity by negligence -
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of from 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one month, or by compulsory works for a term of 180 to 240 hours, or corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of up to three months.
4. The same deed committed in consequence of the improper discharge by a person of his professional duties,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by arrest for a term of 4 to 6 months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to one year, with the deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or with the permanent deprivation of such right.

Article 119. Threat of Murder or Infliction of Grave Injury Health


Threat of murder or infliction of grave injury to health, if there were grounds to fear the realization of this threat,
Shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of 4 to 6 months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.

Article 120. Compulsion to Remove Human Organs or Tissues for Transplantation


1. Compulsion to remove human organs or tissues for transplantation, committed with the use of violence or with the threat of its use,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to four years, with the deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or by the permanent deprivation of such right.
2. The same deed committed against a person who is in a state of helplessness, which is well known to the guilty person, or in material or any other dependence on this guilty person,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of 2 to 5 years, with the deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or with the permanent deprivation of such right.

Article 121. Infection with a Venereal Disease


1. Infection of another person with a venereal disease by a person who knew that he had such a disease,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of from 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of from two to five months, or by corrective labour for a term of one to two years, or by arrest for a term of three to six months.
2. The same act committed against to two or more persons, or against an obvious juvenile,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of from 500 to 700 minimum wages or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of from 5 to 7 months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.

Article 122. Infection with Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV)


1. An obvious threat to infect a person with HIV
shall be punishable by a restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by arrest for a term of three to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to one year.
2. Infection of another person with HIV by a person who knew that he had such disease,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
3. The act against envisaged by the second part of this Article, committed against two or more persons, or against an obvious juvenile,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to eight years.
4. Infection of another person with HIV through of the improper discharge by a person of his professional duties,
shall be punishable by a deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years, with the deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years.

Article 123. Illegal Performance of Abortions


1. Performance of abortions by a person who lacks higher medical education of an appropriate specialization
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one to two months, or by compulsory works for a term of 100 to 240 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of one to two years.
2. The same deed committed by a person who was earlier sentenced for the illegal performance of an abortion,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by arrest for a term of four to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
3. Acts provided for by the first or second parts of this Article, if they have entailed - by negligence - the death of the victim or the infliction of grave injury to her health,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years, with the deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or with the permanent deprivation of such right.

Article 124. Failure to Render Aid to a Sick Person


1. Failure to render aid to a sick person without valid reasons, by a person who is duty-bound to render it in keeping with the law or with special rules, if this has entailed by negligence the infliction of injury of average gravity to the health of the sick person,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one month, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term of two to four months.
2. The same act, if it has involved, through negligence, the death of the sick person or the infliction of grave injury to his health,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with the deprivation of the right to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or with the permanent deprivation of such right.

Article 125. Abandoning to Danger


Deliberate abandoning without aid of person who is in a state of danger to human life or health, and who is deprived of the possibility of taking measures towards self-preservation because of his young age, old age, sickness, or in consequence of his helplessness, in cases where the convicted person had the possibility of rendering aid to this person and was obliged to take care of him, or who has put him in the state of danger to life and health,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or by compulsory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term of two to four months.

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