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The Criminal Code Of The Russian Federation

Adopted by the State Duma on May 24, 1996
Adopted by the Federation Council on June 5, 1996
Federal Law No. 64-FZ of June 13, 1996 on the Enforcement of the Criminal
Code of the Russian Federation

Part II
Section IX
Chapter 24
Crimes Against Public Security
Chapter 25
Crimes Against Human Health and Public Morality
Chapter 26
Ecological Crimes
Chapter 27
Crimes Against Traffic Safety and Operation of Transport Vehicles
Chapter 28
Crimes in the Sphere of Computer Information

Chapter 25. Crimes Against Human Health and Public Morality

Article 228. Illegal Making, Acquisition, Storage, Transportation, Sending, or Sale of Narcotic Drugs or Psychotropic Substances


1. Illegal acquisition or storage, of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances on a large scale without the purpose of sale,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. Illegal acquisition or storage of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances with the purpose of their sale, making, processing, transportation, sending, or marketing
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.
3. Deeds stipulated by the second part of this Article and committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) with regard to large amounts of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to ten years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.
4. Deeds, envisaged by the second or third part of this Article and committed by an organized group, or with regard to large amounts of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of seven to fifteen years, with confiscation of property.
5. Violation of the rules for the production, making, processing, storage, stock-taking, release, sale, distribution, transportation, sending, acquisition, use, importation, exportation, or destruction of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, and also of substances, instruments, or equipment used for making narcotics or psychotropic substances under special control, if this deed has been committed by a person charged with the observance of said rules,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
Note: A person who has handed in narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances of his own free will, and who has actively contributed to the uncovering and suppression of crimes connected with the illegal traffic in narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, to the exposure of persons who have committed offenses, or the discovery of property obtained in a criminal way shall be released from criminal responsibility for the given crime.

Article 229. Stealing or Exportation of Narcotic Drugs or Psychotropic Substances


1. Stealing or exportation of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years.
2. The same deeds committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) by a person through his official position;
    d) with the use of violence, but without danger to human life or health, or with the threat of using such violence,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of six to ten years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.
3. Deeds stipulated in the first or second part of this Article, if they are committed:
    a) by an organized group;
    b) in respect of large amounts of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances;
    c) with the use of violence endangering human life or health, or with the threat of using such violence;
    d) by a person who has been convicted of stealing or extortion these substances for two or more times,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of six of eight to fifteen years, with confiscation of property.

Article 230. Inducement to Use Narcotic Drugs or Psychotropic Substances


1. Inducement to use narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to five years.
2. The same deed committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy or by an organized group;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) in relation to an obvious minor, or in respect of two or more persons;
    d) with the use of violence, or with the threat of its use -
Shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of tree to eight years.
3. Deeds stipulated in the first or second part of this Article, if they have involved by negligence the death of the victim, or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of six to twelve years.

Article 231. Illegal Cultivation of Illicit Plants Containing Narcotic Substances


1. Sowing or cultivation of illicit plants, and also cultivation of hemp, poppy, or other plants containing narcotic substances,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 700 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to seven months, or deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same deeds committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy or by an organized group;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) on a large scale,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to eight years.

Article 232. Organization or Maintenance of Dens for Consuming Narcotic or Psychotropic Substances


1. Organization or maintenance of dens for consuming narcotic or psychotropic substances
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to four years.
2. The same acts, committed by an organized group,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years.

Article 233. Illegal Issue or Forgery of Prescriptions or Other Documents Entitling Persons to Obtain Narcotic or Psychotropic Substances


Illegal issue or forgery of prescriptions or any other documents that entitle a person to obtain narcotic or psychotropic substances
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

Article 234. Illegal Traffic in Potent and Toxic Substances for the Purpose of Sale


1. Illegal making, processing, acquisition, storage, transportation, or sending for the purpose of sale, and likewise illegal marketing of potent or toxic substances, which are not narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, or illegal manufacture of equipment for making or processing such substances,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. The same acts, committed by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or repeatedly,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to five years.
3. Acts provided for by the first or second part of this Article, and committed by an organized group or dealing with potent substances on a large scale,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of four to eight years.
4. Contravention of the rules for the production, acquisition, storage, record-keeping, issue, transportation, or sending of potent or toxic substances, if this has entailed through negligence their theft or the infliction of any substantial harm,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage, salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by corrective works for a term of up to two years, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

Article 235. Engaging in Illegal Private Medical Practice or Private Pharmaceutical Activity


1. Engaging in private medical practice or in private pharmaceutical activity without having a license for the respective type of activity, if this has entailed by negligence the infliction of harm on human health,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of up to 300 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to three months, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. The same act, that has entailed by negligence the death of a person,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to five years, or by deprivation of liberty for the same period.

Article 236. Violation of Sanitary and Epidemiological Rules


1. Violation of sanitary and epidemiological rules which has resulted in, by negligence, mass diseases or poisoning of people,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one to two months, or by disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specific activities for a term of up to three years, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same act, which has involved by negligence the death of a person,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years, or by restraint of liberty for the same period.

Article 237. Concealment of Information About Circumstances Endangering Human Life or Health


1. Concealment or distortion of information about developments, facts, or phenomena endangering human life or health, or the environment, committed by a person who is duty-bound to supply the population with such information,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 700 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to seven months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
2. The same acts, if they are committed by a person holding a post in the government of the Russian Federation or a post in the government of a subject of the Russian Federation, and likewise by the head of a local self-government body, or if such acts have inflicted harm to man's health or have resulted other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 700 to 1,000 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of seven to twelve months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

Article 238. Production, Storage, Carriage or Sale of Goods and Products, Fulfillment of Works or Rendering of Services Which Do Not Meet Safety Standards


1. Production, storage or carriage for the purpose of sale or the sale of goods and products, fulfillment of works or rendering of services which do not meet standards of safety to lives or health of consumers as well as wrongful issue or use of an official document which certifies compliance of the said goods, works or services to safety standards, -
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 700 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to seven months, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same acts, if they:
    a) perpetrated by a group of individuals under a preliminary conspiracy or by an organized group;
    b) perpetrated repeatedly;
    c) have been committed in respect of goods, works, or services intended for children under six years of age;
    d) have entailed by negligence serious damage to health or the death of a man;
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 700 to 1,000 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of seven to twelve months, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to six years with confiscation of property or without the latter.
3. Deeds provided for in the first or second part of the present Article, which have entailed by negligence the death of two or more persons,
shall be punishable by the deprivation of liberty for a term of four to ten years.

Article 239. Organization of an Association Infringing upon the Liberties and Rights of Individuals


1. Creation of a religious or public association whose activity is fraught with violence against individuals or with the infliction of injury to their health, or with inducement of individuals to refuse to discharge their civil duties or to commit other unlawful deeds, and likewise operation of such an association,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.
2. Participation in the activity of said association, and also promotion of deeds provided for by the first part of this Article,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 300 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one to three months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.

Article 240. Involvement in Prostitution


1. Involvement in prostitution by means of applying violence or the threat of its use, blackmail, destroying or damaging property, or by means of fraud,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to four years.
2. The same deed committed by an organized group
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 700 to 1,000 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of seven to twelve months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to six years.

Article 241. Organization or Maintenance of Hangouts for Prostitution


Organization or maintenance of hangouts for prostitution -
Shall be punishable by fine in the amount of 700 to 1,000 minimum wages or salaries or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of seven to twelve months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.

Article 242. Illegal Distribution of Pornographic Materials or Objects


Illegal making for the purpose of distribution or advertising, dissemination, or advertising of pornographic materials or objects, and likewise illegal trade in printed publications, cine-and-video-materials, pictures, or any other pornographic objects,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 800 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to eight months, or by deprivation of liberty for a period of up to two years.

Article 243. Destruction or Damage of Monuments of History and Culture


1. Destruction or damage of monuments of history, culture, natural monuments, or facilities protected by the State, and also of objects or documents of historical or cultural value,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same deeds, committed in respect of especially valuable facilities or monuments of all-Russian significance,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 700 to 1,000 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of seven to twelve months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.

Article 244. Outrages upon Bodies of the Deceased and Their Burial Places


1. Outrages upon the bodies of the deceased, or destruction, damage to, or desecration of burial places, gravestones, or graveyard buildings intended for burial ceremonies or for commemorative feasts,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or by compulsory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term of up to three months.
2. The same acts committed:
    a) by a group of persons, a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or by an organized group;
    b) by reason of national, racial, or religious hatred or enmity, and likewise in respect of a sculpture or architectural structure devoted to the struggle against fascism or victims of nazism, or burial-places of participants in the struggle against nazism;
    c) with the use of violence or with the threat of its use,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by arrest for a term of three to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.

Article 245. Cruelty to Animals


1. Cruelty to animals that has involved their death or injury, if this deed has been conducted with malicious or mercenary motives, or the use of sadistic methods, or in the presence of minors,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one to two months, or by corrective labour for a term of up to one year, or by arrest for a term of up to six months.
2. The same act committed by a group of persons, a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or an organized group, or repeatedly,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 500 to 800 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of five to eight months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.

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