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The Criminal Code Of The Russian Federation

Adopted by the State Duma on May 24, 1996
Adopted by the Federation Council on June 5, 1996
Federal Law No. 64-FZ of June 13, 1996 on the Enforcement of the Criminal
Code of the Russian Federation

Part II
Section IX
Chapter 24
Crimes Against Public Security
Chapter 25
Crimes Against Human Health and Public Morality
Chapter 26
Ecological Crimes
Chapter 27
Crimes Against Traffic Safety and Operation of Transport Vehicles
Chapter 28
Crimes in the Sphere of Computer Information

Chapter 24. Crimes Against Public Security

Article 205. Terrorism


1. Terrorism, that is, the perpetration of an explosion, arson, or any other action endagering the lives of people, causing sizable property damage, or entailing other socially dangerous consequences, if these actions have been committed for the purpose of violating public security, frightening the population, or exerting influence on decision-making by governmental bodies, and also the threat of committing said actions for the same ends,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to ten years.
2. The same deeds committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) with the use of firearms
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of eight to fifteen years.
3. Deeds stipulated in the first or second part of this Article, if they have been committed by an organized group or have involved by negligence the death of a person, or any other grave consequences, and also are associated with infringement on objects of the use of atomic energy or with the use of nuclear materials, radioactive substances or sources of radioactive radiation,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of 10 to 20 years.
Note: A person who has taken part in the preparation of an act of terrorism shall be released from criminal responsibility if he facilitated the prevention of the act of terrorism by timely warning governmental bodies, or by any other method, unless the actions of this person contain a different corpus delicti.

Article 205.1. Involvement of a Person in the Commission of Crimes of Terrorist Nature or Otherwise Assisting in Their Commission


1. Involvement of a person in the commission of the crime stipulated by Articles 205, 206, 208, 211, 277 and 360 of this Code or persuading a person to participate in a terrorist organization, the arming or training of a person with the aim of perpetrating the said crimes as well as the financing of an act of terrorism or an terrorist organization shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of four to eight years.
2. The same deeds perpetrated by the person repeatedly or through the use of his official position shall be punishable by deprivation of freedom for a term of seven to fifteen years with confiscation of property, or without such confiscation.
Note. A person who has committed the crime specified in this Article shall be released from criminal responsibility if through his voluntary and timely warning of the authorities or otherwise he assisted to prevent the act of terrorism or suppress the crime of terrorist nature named in this article, unless the actions of this person contain a different corpus delicti.

Article 206. Hostage-Taking


1. The capture or detention of a hostage, committed to compel the State, an organization, or an individual to perform or to abstain from taking any action as a condition for the release of the hostage,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to ten years.
2. The same deeds committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) with the use of violence posing a danger to human life and health;
    d) with the use of arms or objects used as arms;
    e) against an obvious minor;
    f) against a woman in a state of pregnancy obvious to the convicted person;
    g) against two or more persons;
    h) out of mercenary motives or by hire,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of six to fifteen years.
3. Deeds provided for by the first or second part of this Article, if they have been committed by an organized group or have involved by negligence the death of a person, or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of eight to twenty years.
Note: A person who released a hostage voluntarily or on the demand of the authorities shall be relieved from criminal responsibility, unless his actions contain a different corpus delicti.

Article 207. Knowingly Making a False Communication About an Act of Terrorism


A knowingly false communication about an impending explosion, act of arson, or any other action creating a danger of killing people, inflicting sizable damage to property, or entailing other socially hazardous consequences,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by corrective works for a term of one year to two years, or by arrest for a term of three to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.

Article 208. Organization of an Illegal Armed Formation, or Participation in It


1. Creation of an armed formation (unit, squad, or any other group) that is not envisaged by a federal law, and likewise operating of such a formation,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to seven years.
2. Participation in an armed formation that is not provided for by a federal law
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
Note: A person who has ceased to take part in an illegal armed formation of his own free will, and has handed in his weapons, shall be released from criminal responsibility unless his actions contain a different corpus delicti.

Article 209. Banditry


1. Creation of a stable armed group (band) with the aim of assaulting individuals or organizations, and also operation of such a group (band),
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to 15 years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.
2. Participation in a stable armed group (band), or in its assaults,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of eight to 15 years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.
3. Acts provided for by the first or second part of this Article and committed by a person through his official position,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of 12 to 20 years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.

Article 210. Organization of a Criminal Community (Criminal Organization)


1. Creation of a criminal community (criminal organization) for committing grave or especially grave crimes, and likewise operation of such a community (organization) or its structural subdivisions, and also creation of an association of organizers, leaders, or other representatives of organized groups for formulating plans and conditions for the commission of grave or especially grave crimes,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of seven to fifteen years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.
2. Participation in a criminal community (criminal organization) or in an association of organizers, leaders or other representatives of organized groups,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to ten years with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.
3. Acts provided for by the first or second part of this Article, and committed by a person through his official position,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of 10 to 20 years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.

Article 211. Hijacking of an Aircraft, a Sea-going Ship, or a Railway Train


1. Hijacking of an aircraft, a sea-going ship, a railway train, and likewise seizure of such a ship or train in order to hijack it,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of four to eight years.
The same acts committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) with the use of violence threatening human life and health or with the threat of such violence;
    d) with the use of arms or objects to be used as arms,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of seven to twelve years.
2. Deeds stipulated in the first or second part of this Article, if they have been committed by an organized group or have involved by negligence the death of a person, or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of eight to fifteen years.

Article 212. Mass Riots


1. Organization of mass riots attended by violence, pogroms, arson, the destruction of property, the use of firearms, explosives, or explosive devices, and also armed resistance to government representatives,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of four to ten years.
2. Participation in mass riots, as provided for by the first part of this Article,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to eight years.
3. Calls to active insubordination of the lawful requirements of the representatives of the authorities, and to mass riots, and likewise calls for violence against persons,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of two to four months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years.

Article 213. Hooliganism


1. Hooliganism, that is, a gross violation of the public order which expresses patent contempt for society, attended by violence against private persons or by the threat of its use, and likewise by the destruction or damage of other people's property,
shall be punishable by compulsory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of six to twelve months, or by arrest for a term of four to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same act, if it is:
    a) committed by a group of persons, a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or an organized group;
    b) connected with resistance to a representative of authority or to any other person who fulfills the duty of protecting the public order or who prevents violation of the public order;
    c) committed by a person who was earlier convicted of hooliganism-
shall be punishable by compulsory works for a term of 180 to 240 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of one to two years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
3. Hooliganism committed with the use of arms or objects used as arms
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of four to eight years.

Article 214. Vandalism


Vandalism, that is, the defacement of buildings and other structures, the infliction of damage to property in public transport or in other public places,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 50 to 100 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to one month, or by compulsory works for a term of 120 to 180 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of six to twelve months, or by arrest for a term of up to three months.

Article 215. Violation of Safety Rules in Facilities of Atomic Power Engineering


1. Violation of safety rules during the siting, designing, building, or operating of facilities of atomic power engineering, if this could involve the death of a person or radioactive contamination of the environment,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, of by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
2. The same deed, which has entailed by negligence the death of a person, the radioactive contamination of the environment, or any other serious consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of four to ten years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

Article 215.1. Termination or Limitation of Electrical Energy Supply or Disconnection from Other Life Support Sources


1. Unlawful termination or limitation of electrical energy supply to consumers or disconnection of consumers from other life support sources committed by an official or equally by a persons performing managerial functions in a commercial or another organization, if that could cause the death of a person or other grave consequences, shall be subject to be punished with the imposition of a fine at a rate ranging from 200 to 500fold minimal wage rate or in the amount of the wage or other earnings of the convicted for a period from two to five months or by limitation of freedom for a term of up to three years or deprivation of freedom for a term of up to two years.
2. The same wrongdoings having caused manslaughter or other grave consequences shall be punishable with the deprivation of freedom for a term of up to five years either accompanied by deprivation of the right to occupy specific positions or engage in specific activities for a term of up to three years or not.

Article 215.2. Making Life Support Facilities Inoperable


1. Demolishing, damaging power supply, telecommunication, housing and utility facilities or other life support facilities or making them otherwise inoperable, if such offences are committed for mercenary or barbarian reasons,
shall be punishable by a fine at a rate from 700 to 1,000-fold minimum wage rate or in the amount of the convict's wage, or sometimes income, for a period from seven months to one year, or correctional work for a term from one year to two years, or imprisonment for a term from one year to three years.
2. The same offences committed:
    a) by a group of persons by preliminary agreement;
    b) several times;
    c) by a person through an abuse of his/her position/office;
shall be punishable by imprisonment for a term from three to five years complete with a fine at a rate of up to 50-fold minimum wage rate or in the amount of the convict's wage or another income for a term of up to one month or without the fine.
3. The offences specified in Parts 1 and 2 of the present article, as having lead to a reckless death of a man or another grave consequences,
shall be punishable by imprisonment for a term from three to eight years complete with a fine at a rate of up to 50-fold minimum wage rate or in the amount of the convict's wage or other income for a term of up to one month or without the fine.

Article 216. Violation of Safety Rules During Mining, Building, and Other Activities


1. Violation of safety rules during mining, building or any other activities, if this has involved by negligence the infliction of grave injury or injury of average gravity to someone's health,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one year to two years, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
2. The same act, that has entailed by negligence the death of a person or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to five years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to 10 years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

Article 217. Violation of Safety Rules in Explosive Facilities


1. Violation of safety rules in explosive facilities or in explosives shops, if this could cause the death of a person or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one month to two months, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
2. The same deed, which has involved by negligence the death of a person, or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to five years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to 10 years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

Article 218. Violation of the Rules for Record-keeping, Storage, Carriage, and Use of Explosive Materials, Highly Inflammable Substances, and Pyrotechnical Articles


Violation of the rules for record-keeping, storage, carriage and use of explosive materials, highly inflammable substances, and pyrotechnical articles, and also illegal transportation of these substances and materials by post or as luggage, if these deeds have involved, by negligence, grave consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to five years.

Article 219. Violation of Fire Safety Rules


1. Violation of fire safety rules, committed by a person charged with their observance, if this has involved by negligence the infliction of grave injury or injury of averagity grave harm to human health,
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 100 to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of one to two months, or by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
2. The same deed, which has entailed by negligence the death of a person, or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to five years or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to 10 years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.

Article 220. Illegal Treatment of Nuclear Materials or Radioactive Substances


1. Illegal acquisition, storage, use, transfer, or destruction of nuclear materials or radioactive substances
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of up to four months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
2. The same acts, which have involved by negligence the death of a person or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to five years, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to 10 years.

Article 221. Stealing or Possession of Nuclear Materials or Radioactive Substances


1. Stealing or possession of nuclear materials or radioactive substances
shall be punishable by a fine in the amount of 700 to 1,000 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of seven to twelve months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to five years.
2. The same acts committed:
    a) by a group of persons a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) by a person through his official position;
    d) with the use of violence with endangering human life or health, or with the threat of applying such violence,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of four to seven years.
3. Acts envisaged by the first or second part of this Article, if they have been committed:
    a) by an organized group;
    b) with the use of violence which is dangerous to human life or health or with the threat of using such violence;
    c) by a person who was convicted of stealing or possessing explosives two or more times,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to ten years, with confiscation of property, or without such confiscation.
Note: The commission of a crime, if it was preceded by one or more crimes stipulated in Articles 226 or 229, or in Articles 158-164 or 209 of this Code, is deemed to be repeated by this Article, and also by Articles 226 and 229 of this Code.

Article 222. Illegal Acquisition, Transfer, Sale, Storage, Transportation, or Bearing of Firearms, Its Basic Parts, Ammunition, Explosives, and Explosive Devices


1. Illegal acquisition, transfer, sale, storage, transportation, or bearing of firearms, its basic parts, ammunition, explosives, or explosive device
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of from two up to four years, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to three years, with a fine in the amount of 200 to 500 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of two to five months, or without any fine.
2. The same acts committed by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or repeatedly,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to six years.
3. Acts stipulated by the first or second part of this Article, and committed by an organized group,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to eight years.
4. Illegal acquisition, sale, or bearing of gas arms, knives and like weapons, including missile weapons, with exception being made for these acts in the localities where the bearing of cold steel weapons is part and parcel of the national dress, or is associated with hunting,
shall be punishable by compulsory works for a term of 180 to 240 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of one year to two years, or by arrest for a term of three to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years, with a fine in the amount of up to 200 minimum wages, or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to two months, or without any fine.
Note: A person who has at his own desire will handed in the objects referred to in this Article shall be relieved from criminal responsibility, unless his actions contain another corpus delicti.

Article 223. Illegal Manufacture of Weapons


1. Illegal manufacture or repair of firearms, the components, and likewise illegal manufacture of ammunition, explosives, or explosive devices
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of from two up to four years.
2. The same acts committed by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy, or commited repeatedly,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of two to six years.
3. Deeds provided for by the first or second part of this Article and committed by an organized group
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to eight years.
4. Illegal manufacture of gas arms, knives and like weapons, including missile weapons,
shall be punishable by compulsory works for a term of 180 to 240 hours, or by corrective labour for a term of one to two years, or by arrest for a term of four to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years.
Note: A person who has of his own free will handed in the objects referred to in this Article shall be released from criminal responsibility, unless his actions contain a different corpus delicti.

Article 224. Careless Keeping of Arms


Careless keeping of firearms, creating the possibility of their use by another person, if this entails grave consequences,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to two years, or by arrest for a term of up to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to one year.

Article 225. Improper Discharge of the Duties of Protecting Arms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Explosive Devices


1. Improper discharge of his duties by a person entrusted with the protection of firearms, ammunition, explosives, or explosive devices, if this has entailed their stealing or destruction or the onset of other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by restraint of liberty for a term of up to three years, or by arrest for a term of three to six months, or by deprivation of liberty for a term of up to two years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years, or without such disqualification.
2. Improper discharge of the duties related to protecting nuclear, chemical or any other weapons of mass destruction, or materials and equipment which can be used in the development of weapons of mass destruction, if this has involved grave consequences or has created the threat of their onset,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of from three to seven years, with disqualification to hold specified offices or to engage in specified activities for a term of up to three years.

Article 226. Stealing or Possession of Arms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Explosive Devices


1. Stealing or possession of firearms, their components, ammunition, explosives, or explosive devices
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years.
2. Stealing or possession of nuclear, chemical or any other weapons of mass destruction, and likewise of materials or equipment which can be used in the development of weapons of mass destruction,-
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of from five to ten years.
3. Act provided for in the first or second part of this Article, if they have been committed:
    a) by a group of persons in a preliminary conspiracy;
    b) repeatedly;
    c) by a person through his official position;
    d) with the use of violence posing danger to human life or health, or with the threat of using such violence,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to twelve years, with confiscation of property or without such confiscation.
4. Acts specified in the first, second, or third parts of this Article, if they have been committed:
    a) by an organized group;
    b) with the use of violence endangering human life and health, or with the threat of using such violence;
    c) by a person who was convicted of stealing or possessing such items two or more times,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of eight to fifteen years, with confiscation of property.

Article 227. Piracy


1. Assault on a sea-going ship or a river boat with the aim of capturing other people's property, committed with the use of violence or with the threat of its use,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of five to ten years.
2. The same act committed repeatedly or with the use of arms or objects used as arms,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of eight to twelve years, with confiscation of property.
3. Acts provided for in the first or second part of this Article, if they have been committed by an organized group or have entailed, by negligence, the death of a person, or any other grave consequences,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of ten to fifteen years, with confiscation of property.

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